1. Void: If you increase the core of the hydrogen atom to the size of basketball ball, then rotating around the electron will be at a distance of 30 kilometers, and between them - nothing!
2. Volnochastitsa: The state of the particles depends on the act of measurement or observation. Not measured and observed an electron behaves like a wave (the field of probability). It should be subjected to the observation in the laboratory, and he shlopyvaetsya in part (a solid object, whose position can be localized).
3. Quantum Leap. Leaving from its orbit the atomic nucleus the electron is moving is not as ordinary objects - it moves quickly. That is, it disappears from one orbit, and appears on the other. Accurately determine where there is an electron, or when it is impossible to make a jump, the maximum that can be done is to identify the probability of a new position of electron.
4. The Heisenberg uncertainty principle. It is impossible to accurately measure both the speed and position of a quantum object. The more we focus on one of these indicators, the more uncertain becomes the other.
5. Bell's theorem. All in the light of non-local, elementary particles are closely related to certain level, beyond time and space. That is: if you provoke the formation of two particles at the same time, they will be directly linked to each other or to be placed in a state of superposition. If we then fired them into the opposite ends of the universe, and after a while in any way change the status of one of the particles, the second particle also _mgnovenno_ change to come in the same condition.
Quotes from the book "What we do know," William Arnts, Betsy Cheys, Mark Vicente.
The paradox in the logic - it is inconsistent with the status of the logical and correct conclusion, however, represents the reasoning that leads to mutually exclusive conclusions. The logical error of paradox, unlike paralogizma and the fallacy is not detected yet because of the imperfection of existing methods of logic.
There are such varieties of logical paradoxes, as Apor and antinomy.
Apor characterized by the presence of the argument, contrary to apparently popular belief, common sense.
Antinomy - the existence of two mutually contradictory, equally arguable judgments.